美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:词汇典故:Rx代表处方药的由来2018-10-22
A symbol is a sign that represents one or more words. The Rx sign is formed by placing a line across the right foot of the letter R. It represents the word prescription and has come to mean take this medicine.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:油价上涨助力越南经济增长2018-10-22
Vietnam is not a major oil-producing nation like some Middle Eastern nations. However, it does sell more than $3 billion worth yearly, making oil exports the fifth highest source of revenue for the country.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:韩国济州岛:一个疗伤的地方2018-10-22
South Korea’s Jeju Island has been compared to the Hawaiian islands of the United States. The so-called “Hawaii of Korea” is off the country’s southern coast. The island is especially popular among newly married people.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:六名白化病妇女攀登非洲最高峰博关注2018-10-22
A group of six women with albinism decided to climb Africa’s highest mountain in an effort to raise awareness for the physical condition they share.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:日本老司机更爱迷你车2018-10-21
The number of older drivers in Japan is increasing at the fastest rate of any developed country. Some Japanese car makers are developing technology designed to help drivers to avoid accidents. They are planning to put the technology in minicars, which are
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:盲人运动员徒步穿越大峡谷2018-10-21
Shawn Cheshire is a blind cyclist who competed in the 2016 Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. She hopes to take part again in 2020 in Tokyo, Japan. But before that, she had a different goal: hiking the Grand Canyon in the American state of Arizona.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:第四届“不可征服”运动会在澳大利亚开幕2018-10-21
Prince Harry, also known as the Duke of Sussex, helped start the event in 2014 after attending a similar competition for wounded veterans in the United States. The prince himself served in the British Armed Forces for 10 years.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:印度掀起“MeToo运动”?2018-10-21
A little over one year ago, the #metoo movement against sexual abuse began spreading on American social media. Now, India is having a #metoo movement of its own.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国承诺提供9000万美元打击非法野生动物贸易2018-10-20
Experts estimate that the trade in endangered wildlife, including elephant tusks, rhinoceros horns and tiger bones, is worth $17 billion a year. Now, hundreds of kinds of animals are at risk of dying out.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:加拿大成全球最大合法大麻市场2018-10-20
Canada became the largest country with a legal national marijuana marketplace on Wednesday. Power was first in line at a store in the eastern city of Saint John’s, Newfoundland.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:FBI调查教堂内儿童性虐待案件2018-10-20
In August, a grand jury released a report about such accusations. The report accused 301 priests in Pennsylvania of sexually abusing more than 1,000 children over 70 years. It also said that high-level church officials hid the activities to protect the ac
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:越南释放被称为“蘑菇妈妈”的异见人士2018-10-19
Reports say dissident Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh got on a flight to the United States after she left prison Wednesday.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:电影《First Man》展示了阿波罗11号任务的牺牲和风险2018-10-19
Actor Ryan Gosling plays Neil Armstrong in a new film that explores the life of the American astronaut.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:古巴宪法改革引发引发公开辩论2018-10-18
Cuba’s current constitution went into effect in 1976. Cubans are now being asked to discuss changes to it. But will the government listen?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国前总统罗纳德·里根的全息影像正在展出2018-10-18
Three moving, life-like images of former United States President Ronald Reagan are now on display at his official library in Southern California.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:英美混血皇室宝宝即将出生2018-10-17
Kensington Palace tweeted Monday that Meghan Markle and Prince Harry are expecting a child in the spring.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:朝韩双方同意共同修建铁路、公路项目 专家对此表示担忧2018-10-17
As part of continuing talks between North and South Korea, the sides agreed on joint modernization of land links between their countries. Some international experts, however, remain cautious about the increase in cooperation between North and South Korea.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:洪都拉斯移民车队涌向美国墨西哥2018-10-17
Honduran migrants are crossing the country hoping to enter neighboring countries and to get all the way to the United States. They say they are fleeing dangerous conditions in the home country.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:印尼儿童发育迟缓率异常偏高2018-10-16
Experts say Indonesia is experiencing unexpectedly high rates of children stunting.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:移民刺激美国农民市场的复苏2018-10-16
In St. Paul, the arrival of Hmong refugees in the 1970s and '80s gave the market a second life. The Hmong came from Vietnam, Thailand and Laos, cultures where nearly everyone shops in outside markets.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究发现日全食影响蜜蜂劳作2018-10-16
On August 21, 2017, millions of people across America stopped what they were doing to watch a total solar eclipse. Researchers now say they have discovered evidence that bees also took a break from what they were doing during the eclipse.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:古代沉船讲述贸易路线的故事2018-10-15
The discovery is believed to be the largest concentration of wrecks ever found in the Mediterranean.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:好莱坞演员联合抵制特朗普2018-10-15
Celebrities have usually been less visible in state elections, but that is changing. Singer Taylor Swift recently asked her fans to support Democratic candidates for governor and the U.S. Senate in Tennessee.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:词汇典故:百老汇上演《Waiting in the Wings》2018-10-15
Broadway is the heart of American theater. And the English language has several expressions that come from the world of theater. Read on to learn what waiting in the wings means both on stage and off.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:贾迈勒·哈苏吉是谁?2018-10-14
No one has seen or heard from him since October 2. That was the day when he walked into Saudi Arabia’s consulate in Istanbul. Turkish government officials have said he was killed inside the office. Saudi Arabian officials deny harming the journalist.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:教皇接受华盛顿红衣主教辞职2018-10-14
A Vatican statement Friday said Pope Francis had accepted Wuerl’s resignation but named no replacement. The letter said that Wuerl made some “mistakes” in dealing with sex abuse cases. However, he was not accused of trying to hide them. The Pope asked him
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:请教老师:as...as语句2018-10-14
What does the term doornail mean in Shakespeare’s expression as dead as a doornail? Today’s question comes from Dimitrije in Serbia.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:俄罗斯联盟号发射后坠毁 两名宇航员紧急逃生2018-10-13
Two astronauts traveling to the International Space Station had to make an emergency landing when a rocket engine failed. The men returned to Earth safely.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:米歇尔·奥巴马宣布新计划帮助全球少女接受教育2018-10-13
The Global Girls Alliance seeks to help empower girls through education.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:飓风迈克尔在美国南部导致至少两人死亡2018-10-13
The third most powerful hurricane to hit the U.S. mainland caused widespread damage and at least two deaths in two southern states.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:记者因工作被杀害的风险越来越大2018-10-12
News reporters know about the risks of working in countries at war. But the recent death or disappearance of three individuals in Turkey, Bulgaria and Mexico showed the growing dangers to people targeted for their reporting.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:谷歌推出新款Pixel智能手机、平板电脑和智能家庭中心2018-10-12
Google has launched the latest versions of its Pixel smartphone, as well as a new tablet computer and a smart home controller.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:洛杉矶音乐家向流浪汉伸出援手2018-10-12
Gupta is among the 25 winners of the 2018 MacArthur Fellowship, commonly known as the “genius grant.” Each winner will receive $625,000 over five years to use as they wish.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:俄罗斯军事情报部门或发生变化2018-10-11
On Monday, the investigative website Bellingcat identified the second suspect as Alexander Mishkin, a medical doctor working for the GRU. He is one of two intelligence officers suspected in the poisoning of former spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:阿富汗自杀式炸弹袭击杀害议会候选人2018-10-11
A suicide bombing has killed an Afghan candidate as October 20 elections near. This weekend, Taliban rebels said they would increase attacks on candidates and security forces. The militants have warned Afghans to boycott the elections.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国驻联合国大使辞职2018-10-11
At the U.N., Haley led Trump’s policy to fight against anti-American and anti-Israel actions by the international organization. She announced that the U.S. would be “taking names” of countries that voted against its decision to recognize Jerusalem as Isra
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家警告称不久的将来会有灾难性的全球变暖2018-10-11
The group says its research indicates a major slowing of warming is critical to avoid climate-related disaster. If not, the researchers say, the threat to human well-being, ecosystems and sustainable development will rise to irreversible levels.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究发现一半美国年轻人认为未来的财务状况会转好2018-10-10
A new study has found that around 50 percent of American young people think their financial health will be stronger than that of their parents.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国气候变化研究人员获2018年诺贝尔经济学奖2018-10-10
William Nordhaus of Yale University and Paul Romer of New York University will share the $1 million prize.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:新技术能为心脏病发作提供早期预警2018-10-10
Researchers have developed technology that they say could help predict heart attacks years before they happen.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:阿富汗青年男女组建乐团抚平战争哀伤2018-10-09
The war in Afghanistan is having the greatest effect on the country’s civilians. Afghan women have often been the target of the violence. Years ago, the Taliban leadership banned music and education for girls.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:机器人农场为美国城市带来更新鲜的蔬菜2018-10-09
Robotic farming in cities is set to grow in America and across the world in the future. One farm operating near San Francisco, California is powered by a large robot named Angus.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家研究消灭耐药细菌的新方法2018-10-09
The decreasing effectiveness of antibiotics is among the most serious problems facing modern medicine.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:越南汽车公司巴黎发布新车 邀贝克汉姆站台2018-10-08
Vinfast is Vietnam’s first major car manufacturer. It has existed for only about a year.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:古代人类骨骼揭示古代饮食和生活方式2018-10-08
Scientists learned recently that fish was the main source of protein for people in southern Scandinavia many thousands of years ago. They also ate other animals that live in the water.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:2018年诺贝尔和平奖授予刚果医生和反性暴力少女2018-10-07
The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded Friday to Congolese doctor Denis Mukwege and Yazidi activist Nadia Murad. The two were honored for their work against the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:巴西人将于周日投票选举下届总统2018-10-07
Brazilians will vote Sunday in presidential elections. A total of 13 candidates are on the ballot. The leading candidate is said to be 63-year-old Jair Bolsonaro of the Social Liberal Party.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家称发现太阳系外的第一个月球2018-10-07
The possible moon appears considerably larger than Earth and is 8000 light years away. Astronomers say the object is about the size of the planet Neptune. It orbits a planet that is similar in size to the large planet Jupiter.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:请教老师:询问某人的工作情况2018-10-07
How can I ask someone about their job without sounding impolite? Today’s question comes from Azra in Turkey.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:印尼逐渐恢复供电 数千人仍下落不明2018-10-06
A total of 370,000 people live in Palu, on the island of Sulawesi. The city has been the center of aid efforts after a 7.5 magnitude earthquake struck on September 28. A short time later, large waves covered parts of Sulawesi’s west coast.
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