美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

VOA慢速英语:人形机器人Pepper现身英国议会 解释AI对教育影响2018-10-19
A humanoid robot named Pepper appeared with British lawmakers this week to demonstrate how machines are being engineered to connect with people.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究发现日全食影响蜜蜂劳作2018-10-16
On August 21, 2017, millions of people across America stopped what they were doing to watch a total solar eclipse. Researchers now say they have discovered evidence that bees also took a break from what they were doing during the eclipse.
VOA慢速英语:研究表明大脑能记住成千上万张脸2018-10-16
A new study has found that, on average, people can remember as many as 5,000 faces.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:古代沉船讲述贸易路线的故事2018-10-15
The discovery is believed to be the largest concentration of wrecks ever found in the Mediterranean.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:谷歌推出新款Pixel智能手机、平板电脑和智能家庭中心2018-10-12
Google has launched the latest versions of its Pixel smartphone, as well as a new tablet computer and a smart home controller.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家警告称不久的将来会有灾难性的全球变暖2018-10-11
The group says its research indicates a major slowing of warming is critical to avoid climate-related disaster. If not, the researchers say, the threat to human well-being, ecosystems and sustainable development will rise to irreversible levels.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家研究消灭耐药细菌的新方法2018-10-09
The decreasing effectiveness of antibiotics is among the most serious problems facing modern medicine.
VOA慢速英语:科学家说许多益虫正在消失2018-10-09
Scientists say it seems that many good insects that help the environment and humans seem to be disappearing.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家称发现太阳系外的第一个月球2018-10-07
The possible moon appears considerably larger than Earth and is 8000 light years away. Astronomers say the object is about the size of the planet Neptune. It orbits a planet that is similar in size to the large planet Jupiter.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家证实发现五亿多年前动物化石2018-10-06
Scientists say they have confirmed that strange-looking fossils from more than 500 million years ago are remains of an animal.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家们将科幻大脑意念交流变成现实2018-10-05
Scientists say they have successfully connected the brains of three people who were able to send thoughts into each other’s heads.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:日本隼鸟2号携带的漫游者成功登陆小行星2018-10-03
Two small robots dropped on the surface of a distant asteroid last week sent back pictures and temperature measurements back to Earth. Japan’s space agency hopes this information, along with rock samples, may provide a window to the beginning of our solar
VOA慢速英语:研究发现海水变暖导致生成更多的飓风2018-10-03
A new study predicts that warmer waters in the Atlantic Ocean will continue to increase the number of major hurricanes.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:Facebook增加筹款功能方便用户轻松筹款2018-09-28
Facebook’s birthday fundraiser feature lets people use the occasion of their birthday to do some good
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:利用虚拟现实帮助治疗疼痛2018-09-25
Virtual reality, or VR, is growing in popularity in video gaming and some training programs. It may also prove helpful in the treatment of chronic pain.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:世界上第一列氢列车在德国试运行2018-09-22
The world’s first hydrogen-powered trains have begun running in Germany.
VOA慢速英语:亚马逊欲获取南美太空数据开发AI工具2018-09-18
The American company Amazon.com is one of the biggest businesses in the United States and around the world. Now, the company is said to be negotiating with the government in Chile on a plan to reach for the stars.
VOA慢速英语:荷兰工程师帮美国清理海上塑料垃圾2018-09-16
The Ocean Cleanup is the organization that has launched a 600-meter long floating barrier it hopes will collect plastic waste from the Great Pacific Garbage Patch.
VOA慢速英语:太平洋发现三种新鱼类2018-09-15
All three species were found in the Pacific Ocean, off the coast of Chile and Peru. They were deep in the Atacama Trench -- 7,500 meters below the surface.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:苹果一口气发布三款新iphone和新智能手表2018-09-14
Apple announced three new iPhones and several new health features for its watches during a launch event in California.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家发现大麻有助压制精神疾病2018-09-11
Scientist have found a way to use a substance found in marijuana to treat abnormal activity in patients at risk of psychosis.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:韩国在公路隧道内建设“智能农场”2018-09-07
A South Korean company is operating the country’s largest indoor smart farm inside a former road tunnel.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:干冷气候或是导致尼安德特人消失的原因2018-09-04
A new study raises questions about how climate change may have helped Homo sapiens take the place of Neanderthals thousands of years ago.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:水下机器人捕捉狮子鱼以保护珊瑚礁2018-08-31
A new underwater robot is being developed to hunt down an increasing number of lionfish causing damage to ocean life.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:训练狗寻找濒危动物2018-08-30
Dogs can add another job to their resumes -- finding endangered animals! The official title for this kind of work is conservation detection dog.
VOA慢速英语:科学家称美国西部炎热的天气加剧了野火2018-08-30
California is currently experiencing some of the worst wildfires in its history. Fires have also started in several other areas in the western part of the United States. And scientists says increasing temperatures due t to climate change are to blame.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家排列出九万年前人类的基因图谱2018-08-26
Scientists have recently discovered pieces of bone from an ancient female that include genetic evidence that her parents are two different species related to modern humans.
VOA慢速英语:Facebook现可根据用户的可信度对用户进行评级2018-08-24
Facebook is now rating users on how trustworthy they are in identifying and reporting real and false news.
VOA慢速英语:夏季课程教授小姐姐们科学知识和户外技能2018-08-23
Girls on Rock is a Colorado-based educational program that combines wilderness skills and science learning for young women.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家们在石榴石发现一种新的微生物栖息地2018-08-19
There are organisms that live in almost every kind of conditions on Earth. And a recent study suggests that markings inside stones found in Thailand are even evidence that life finds a way to survive anywhere.
VOA慢速英语:报告称谷歌无视用户关闭定位 一直获取您的位置2018-08-19
An investigation by the Associated Press has found that Google still tracks the movements users who purposely changed their privacy settings in an effort to prevent it.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:专家:鸟类通过倾听学习彼此的“语言”2018-08-15
Scientists have long known that some animals can understand information shared in the warning cries of others. But a new study has shown exactly how one kind of bird is able to do so.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究:温度上升令土壤释放更多的碳2018-08-12
Scientists found a sharp increase in carbon released into the atmosphere by bacteria and fungi in soil from 1990 through 2014. Researchers explain that the carbon comes from the dead plants and leaves the microbes eat. As temperatures rise, the microbes e
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:NASA欲发射宇宙飞船近距离观察太阳2018-08-11
NASA’s Parker Solar Probe will be the first spacecraft to fly just within 6 million kilometers of the sun.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家称转基因大米可预防艾滋病2018-08-10
Researchers say a new genetically modified rice can prevent infections of HIV, the virus responsible for the disease AIDS. The newly-developed rice produces proteins that were found to neutralize the HIV virus.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:人工智能机器人通过软件学习人类技能2018-08-07
In the past, teaching machines to do even simple things has proven costly and complex. But now, a research group has been able to teach a robot hand skills inside a computer program that it can then use in the real world.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家离创造实验室胚胎更近了一步2018-08-04
Scientists may have gotten much closer to being able create artificial human embryos by using stem cells in mice. This could help them better understand the early developmental stages of life.
VOA慢速英语:干旱威胁美国西部野马2018-07-31
The western part of the United States is almost always very dry in the summer. But this summer has been especially hot and dry, and the lack of rain puts the wild horses that live there at risk.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究发现火星表面之下蕴含水2018-07-28
A huge lake of salty water appears to be buried deep in Mars, scientists reported this week. The presence of water raises the chances of finding life on the red planet.
VOA慢速英语:面部识别能否预防校园枪击案?2018-07-27
An increasing number of American schools are examining the use of facial recognition technology to improve security. School officials say the equipment is designed to identify former students and employees, sex offenders and weapons.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家观察飓风风眼以预测其强度2018-07-25
The science of predicting hurricanes has come a long way. But there is still more to learn to help people better prepare for the damage they may do.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国将允许3d打印枪支指令在网上公布2018-07-22
The U.S. government has settled a case with a gun rights activist that permits him to publish instructions for making guns with a 3-D printer.
VOA慢速英语:科学家冒着高温和气体的危险研究夏威夷火山2018-07-17
The eruptions that began at the Kilauea volcano in the American state of Hawaii on May 3 are the second longest in the volcano’s history. But scientists say it may be the best chance for them to better understand how volcanoes work.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家:蜘蛛利用电场在空气中移动2018-07-16
A new study found that spiders react to electric fields to move through the air with the help of their webbing.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:x射线技术帮助恢复19世纪丢失的名画2018-07-14
Scientists in Canada say they have found a new way to recover lost images from the first photographic process, which was used in the 1830s. The new method uses X-ray technology and light imaging to help save images damaged by the effects of aging.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家在海洋中发现疑似陨石碎片2018-07-14
Scientists think they found pieces of a meteor that fell into the Pacific Ocean in March.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:辛辛那提动物园一只小河马成网红老师2018-07-14
Animal experts thought a hippopotamus named Fiona would never survive when she was born two months early and severely underweight in 2017. Now she is the star of several educational books.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:北极航运增加对动物造成威胁2018-07-07
The melting of Arctic ice has created more shipping lanes and threats to the animals that live there.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:AI制作假视频已可乱真2018-07-06
New technology is making it possible for people to make realistic videos of people appearing to say things they never actually said. The deepfake videos can be created with technology that uses face mapping and artificial intelligence to produce false vid
VOA慢速英语:研究人员:气候变暖导致危险的海藻泛滥2018-07-04
Rising temperatures on the planet are leading to the sudden, fast growth of dangerous plant life in drinking water supplies across the United States.
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