CNN 10:巴勒斯坦持续爆发抗议活动 已造成数十人死亡

发表时间:2018-05-17内容来源:VOA英语学习网

CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: We're thankful to have you watching CNN 10 on this Wednesday, May 16. From the CNN Center, I'm Carl Azuz.

We're returning to the Middle East for our first story, where protest in the Palestinian controlled territory of Gaza continued Tuesday. But they were reportedly smaller and less violent than the ones the day before.

The Palestinian government says Israel and the U.S. are responsible for the deaths of dozens of Palestinians in Gaza this week.

Israel says that a Palestinian group named Hamas is responsible for launching terrorist attacks at the border between Gaza and Israel.

On yesterday's show, we look at what's currently happening in Gaza and Jerusalem, and some of the reasons for it. You could find that coverage in our archive section at CNN10.com.

What we're doing today is explaining some of the history of Gaza and how unrest there dates back millennia.

2018-05-15

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

NIC ROBERTSON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Gaza is only about 25 miles long and seven miles wide, but this small ship of land is one of the most fought over in history. It was an Egyptian base, a rural city of the Palestine and the place where the Hebrew hero Samson betrayed by Delilah met his death.

Since then, much blood has been spilled. The most recent contest for Gaza began at the end of World War II, when persecuted Jews traveled to Israel from Europe, looking for a new start after the horrors of the Holocaust.

In 1947, the U.N. created a plan to split Israel into two countries, one for Jews and one for the Arab people. Backed by the U.S. President Harry S. Truman, David Ben Gurion, Israel's founder, proclaimed the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948.

Egypt then attacked Israel through the Gaza Strip. Israel was victorious but Gaza remained under the control of Egypt, and an influx of Palestinian refugees begun.

In 1967, war broke out between Israel, Egypt, Jordan and Syria, in what became known as the Six Day War. Israel seized the Gaza Strip and held it for about 40 years.

In 2006, Hamas, a group sworn to destroy Israel, and listed by the United States and European Union and others as a terrorist group, won a landslide victory in Palestinian legislative elections, and Israel unilaterally pulled its forces out of Gaza that year. Hamas was now in control of the territory. However, Israel still controls much of the areas access to and from the Gaza Strip.

Since then, Israel and Hamas have been exchanging blows. Israel maintains Hamas is a violent terror organization. While Hamas says they represent an oppressed people being victimized by the Jewish state.

The international community continues to press for a cease in violence. But for now, the strip's population of 1.8 million people are trapped in the crossfire.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ (voice-over): Ten-second trivia:

What movie holds the record for earning the most money worldwide?

Avatar, Titanic, Jurassic World, or Star Wars: The Force Awakens?

These are the top four money makers overall but Avatar is number one with almost $2.8 billion.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: It costs about $300 million to make the movie "Avengers: Infinity War". That's a lot. Many major motion pictures cost in the neighborhood of $100 million once you factor in marketing and distribution.

"Infinity War" is one of the most expensive movies ever made. But for its producers, it's been a worthwhile investment. After 19 days in U.S. movie theaters, "Avengers" has hauled in more than $550 million. And if you add in what it's made worldwide, you get a staggering figure of $1.65 billion.

And movie industry experts say it could become part of an elite club. There have been only three movies to make more than $2 billion worldwide. "Infinity War" could become the fourth. A good chunk of these revenues are coming from China. Even when American made movies don't sell out theaters in America, they're finding a growing audience overseas.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

MATT RIVERS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: A $200 million opening weekend for "Avengers: Infinity War" in China, thanks in part to people like these.

A fan-led event last Friday with 300 or so Marvel die-hards packed a Beijing theater to watch the film on its opening day.

I like Thor the best because he's sincere and straightforward and good- looking.

In just three days, the movie had already bested the entire China runs of other Marvel movies like "Black Panther" and "Captain America: Civil War", and the film could make a run at the highest grossing foreign film ever in China.

For parent company Disney, it's a massive success, the result of years of cultivating the second largest movie market in the word.

Their impact is expanding in China, so more Chinese viewers will come to watch Hollywood movies.

It's something Hollywood has counted on for years now. In 2017, the North American box office was widely reported to be down 2.3 percent. China was up 22.3 percent, according to Chinese regulators.

The market here has saved movies like "World of Warcraft" and the "Tomb Raider" reboot, both of which bombed in the U.S. but did well enough in China that analysts say that sequels for both could happen.

I think Hollywood movies have high standards. They're doing well in China and I think that's because they're so high quality.

China is not a cure-all though for Hollywood's profit woes. For example, in 2017, China only allowed 34 foreign films to be shown here and this year probably won't be much different. Plus, there's increasing competition from films right here in China.

The top foreign film in 2017, the "Fate of the Furious", made 2.6 billion yuan here. "Wolf Warrior 2", a Chinese made action film, made more than double that amount. But despite those long term concerns, big studios will keep looking to China, its theaters packed with heroes who may not save the world, but could give a boost to Hollywood's bottom line.

Matt Rivers, CNN, Beijing.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

AZUZ: It's getting more expensive to transfer products around America and one major reason for that is because there's a shortage of truckers. Long hauled trucking is generally defined as being more than 250 miles from start to finish. The American Trucking Association estimates that there are 500,000 long hauled truckers in America, and that's about 63,000 drivers short of what's needed.

The results, companies are raising shipping rates, businesses are getting more competitive when it comes to hiring truckers and Congress is considering lowering the interstate truck driving age from 21 to 18.

But the effects of the shortage are already being felt across the United States.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

SUBTITLE: A trucker shortage is hurting companies and that could mean higher prices on, well, everything.

Seventy percent of U.S. products are transported by truck at some point before arriving at your home.

With unemployment at an 18-year low, companies are struggling to find qualified drivers.

Analysts say the shortage is caused by a mix of low wages and an aging trucker population.

Alongside new federal regulations that limit the hours that truckers can be on the road.

The industry is also feeling pressure from retailers like Amazon and Walmart to meet ambitious shipping timelines.

Businesses are trying to attract new truckers with higher pay and benefits.

Hasbro, Coke, Kellogg, Mondelez, and Monster have said higher shipping costs are eating into profits.

The lack of drivers combined with rising gas prices could mean price increases for you.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

AZUZ: For "10 Out of 10" today, hazards on a golf course: bunkers, water, what are people doing so close to this thing? It's a 12-foot beast of a hazard, a monstrous alligator that recently walked the course on Fripp Island in South Carolina.

Didn't seem to mind getting its picture taken. Didn't seem to be interested in the game or the people playing it, at least until he gets hungry. No one was hurt in the animal's recent appearance, but if this is something that's common on the course, you can see how it would be pretty off-putting.

Maybe he just wants to join the club. Maybe he wants to eat a hole in one. But while I don't want to be caddy, most gators on golf courses are wallets or belts. So, it seems like if there's a live one around, someone should be able to cart him or drive him away.

I'm Golf Cart-l Azuz for CNN 10.

END

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: /18/05/CNN-10-2018-05-15.html

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